בראשית Genesis              שמות Exodus            ויקרא Leviticus          במדבר Numbers       דברים Deuteronomy




Before the Beginning:  Appreciating the Thought of an Ancient Cosmologist
Professor Ziony Zevit

Differing Conceptions of the Divine Creator
Prof. Marc Zvi Brettler

Did God Bless Shabbat?
Dr. Rabbi David Frankel

Attaining and Forfeiting Adam’s Immortality at Sinai
Prof. Joel S. Kaminsky

The Immortal Myth of Adam and Eve
Dr. Shawna Dolansky 

In the Beginning There Is the Question
Prof. James A. Diamond

Does a Man Need to Leave His Parents to Cling to His Wife?
Professor Ziony Zevit

The Making of Adam: Understanding the Midrash in Light of Plato and the Pseudepigrapha 
Malka Simovich

Gender Equality at Creation
Raanan Eichler

Non-Gender Equality at Creation  The “Other” Benefits of Partners
Prof. Rabbi Tamara Eskenazi

Joel Yehudah Rutman, M.D.

The Evolution of Civilization: The Biblical Story
Dr. Rabbi Samuel Z. Glaser

Why are there Demigods in a Monotheistic Torah?
Professor Benjamin Sommer

Reintroducing the Myth of the Fallen Angels into Judaism
Dr. Rachel Adelman


The Benei Elohim, the Watchers, and the Origins of Evil
Dr. Miryam T. Brand

Id and Superego: The Two Flood Stories and the Human Condition
Rabbi David Bigman

Noah’s Original Identity: The First Winemaker
Dr. Rabbi Zev Farber

The Torah’s Version of the Flood Story
Rabbi Norman Solomon Ph.D. 

The Flood Story in Its Ancient Near Eastern Context
Dr. Shalom E. Holtz

A Textual Study of Noah’s Flood
TABS Editors 

The Rainbow in Ancient Context
Prof. Ronald Hendel

How the Canaan-Ham Curse Conundrum Came to Be
Dr. Rabbi Zev Farber

Noah’s Four Sons
Dr. Tzemah Yoreh 

Reading Biblical Genealogies
Prof. Aaron Demsky

Decoding the Table of Nations: Reading it as a Map
Dr. David Ben Gad HaCohen 

Tower of Babel: The Hidden Transcript
Prof. Ronald Hendel

Heretics, Mystics and Abraham’s Mother
Rabbi David D. Steinberg

Why the Midrash has Abraham Thrown into Nimrod’s Furnace
Dr. Yishai Kiel

Lech Lecha

The Rabbinic Chronology of Lech Lecha 
Professor David R. Blumenthal

“The Land that I will Show You”
Who was Living  in the Land when Abraham Arrived?
Yigal Levin Ph.D.

How did Abraham Discover God? 
Part 1 – The Rationalistic Approach

Part 2- The Experiential Approach
Rabbi Dr. Seth (Avi) Kadish

Abram at the Battle of the Kings: When Was the Dead Sea the Valley of Siddim?
Dr. David BenGad HaCohen

Who Assumed Melchizedek’s Priesthood?
Dr. Rabbi Joshua Garroway

Abraham as the Great (Un)Circumciser :A Surprising Midrashic Portrait of Abraham
Malka Simkovich

Interpreting Circumcision as Purification
Dr. David Bernat


Tikkunei Soferim and the Ironic Emendation of Rashi’s Interpretation
Professor Rabbi Martin Lockshin

Dr. David Frankel

God’s Appearance to Abraham: Vision or Visit?
Dr. Ben Zion Katz 

The Promised Visit That Never Happens

Is Sarah Old and Withered or Young and Attractive When Kidnapped by Abimelech ?
Rabbi Dr. Zev Farber

Lot and his Daughter’s Motives for their Incestuous Union
Dr. Shayna Sheinfeld

Testing Abraham: Justice in Sodom before Loyalty in the Akedah
Prof. Reuven Kimelman

The Expulsion of Ishmael: Who Is Being Tried?
Dr. Rachel Adelman

Mitigating the Akedah
Prof. Isaac Kalimi

Biblical and Greek Ambivalence Towards Child Sacrifice
Dr. Rabbi Samuel Z. Glaser

The Sacrifice of Isaac in Context: Recovering a Lost Ending of the Akedah
Dr Tzemah Yoreh

The Maimonidean Akedah
Dr. Chaim Trachtman

The Mysterious Land of Moriah

Chayei Sarah

A Wife for Isaac: From Abraham’s Hometown or Family?
Prof. Rabbi Martin Lockshin

The Portrayal of Abraham in The Testament of Abraham
Malka Z. Simkovich

Aging Gracefully
Dr Erica Brown

Was Betuel Lavan’s Father?

 Abraham Premature Obituary  

Our Step Mother: Keturah 



A Monogamous Isaac Prays for his Barren Wife
Dr. Shana Strauch-Schick and Dr. Moshe Lavee

Anxiety over Twins: Anthropological Insights into the Story of Jacob and Esau
Dr. Kristine Henriksen Garroway

Israel’s History as a Family Narrative
Prof. Marvin A. Sweeney

Locating Beer-lahai-roi: When Geography Makes or Breaks a Storyline 
Dr. David Ben-Gad HaCohen

Reactive and Proactive : The Two Versions of Jacob
Rabbi Dr. David Frankel 


Shakespeare Plays on the Questionable Source of Jacob’s Wealth
Prof. Rabbi Herbert Basser

Baby Naming: Biblical Rites and Mother’s Rights
Hacham Dr. Isaac S. D. Sassoon

Jacob’s Deal with God 
Rabbi Zvi Grumet

Maternal Impressions – From Sheep to Humans
Rabbi Zev Farber Ph.D.

The Covenant of Laban and Jacob at Gal-ed: A Textual Critical Analysis
Rabbi Zev Farber Ph.D.


The Debasement of Dinah
Dr. Shawna Dolansky

The Proto-Story of Shechem and Jacob’s Daughter
Dr. Rabbi David Frankel

The Missed Opportunity for Intermarriage and Conversion in the Story of Dinah 
Naomi Graetz

Did Reuben Lie with Bilhah? Yes,  No, We Don’t talk about it!
Shani Tzoref Ph.D. 

Literary Parallels in Bereishit 34-38 and 1 Samuel 
Rabbi Shmuel Klitsner


Why the Brothers Hate Joseph
Prof. Alan T. Levenson

Primeval Coats
Dr. Rachel Adelman

The Historical and Literary Complexity of the Joseph Story
Prof. Athalya Brenner-Idan

Encountering the Documentary Hypothesis in the Joseph Story
Ben Sandler


Joseph in Custody: Enslaved or Imprisoned
Dr. Rabbi Zev Farber

A Tale of Twelve Brothers: Historical Symbolism and the Position of the Tribe of Benjamin
Dr. Yigal Levin

The “Conclusion” of Parashat Mikketz: Jacob’s Suspicion and the Brothers’ Choice
Miryam T. Brand, Ph.D.


Jacob’s Descendants who Go to Egypt: The MT Versus the LXX 
Dr. Itamar Kislev

God Goes Down to Egypt with Jacob: A Story for the Exiles
Professor Yairah Amit

What Did the Joseph Want From the Brothers? A Surprising Perspective 
Rabbi Dr. David R. Blumenthal 

Judah Recognizes Joseph: The Hidden Factor Behind His Speech
Dr B. Barry Levy


Jacob the Conqueror of Shechem
Dr. Rabbi Zev Farber

The Northern Tribal tradition of Settling the Land
Dr. Rabbi Tzemah Yoreh

Jacobs Multiple Death Scenes: Bringing Parashat Vayechi to Life
Rabbi Dr. Zev farber

Mourning for Jacob at Goren ha-Atad − Across the Jordan
Dr  Dudu Cohen

Is the Torah a Pentateuch or Hexateuch?
Prof. Marc Zvi Brettler 



The “Egyptian” Midwives
Dr. Moshe Lavee & Dr. Shana Strauch-Schick

A Murderous Bridegroom
Dr Serge Frolov

The Exodus Story as Jewish Mnemohistory
Professor Carl S. Ehrlich

Moses, Aaron, and Miriam: Were They Siblings?
Hacham Dr. Isaac Sassoon

“All of Jacob’s Descendants Numbered Seventy-Five”: The Opening of Exodus in the Dead Sea Scrolls
Prof. Marc Brettler

The Birth of Moses: Between Bible and Midrash
Prof.  Jacob L. Wright

The Ethical Problem of Hardening Pharaoh’s Heart
Prof. Shaul Magid

Don’t Call Me Hebrew! The Mysterious Origins of the First Anti-Semitic Slur
Dr. Yitzhaq Feder


The Three Redactional and Theological Layers of the Plagues
Dr. Rabbi Tzemah Yoreh

Reconstructing the Priestly Moses: Making Sense of the Opening of Vaeira
Dr. Rabbi David Frankel

The Resumptive Repetition (Wiederaufnahme) 
Rabbi Dr. Zev Farber 

Source Criticism: It’s in the (Plague of) Blood
Prof. Marc Brettler 

The Ten Plagues and Egyptian Ecology: Could the Story Have Its Basis in Natural Phenomena?
Prof. Ziony Zevit 

Reading the Plagues in their Ancient Egyptian Context
Professor Gary A. Rendsburg 

The Missing Speeches in the Plague Narrative and the Samaritan Pentateuch
Rabbi Dr. Zev Farber

Motivating the Leadership of Israel – Plan B 
Rabbi Yoseif Bloch

How God’s Revelation of the Name YHWH Continues to Enlighten 
An Introduction to One of the Pillars of the Documentary Hypothesis
Rabbi Dr. Zev Farber

 See our Passover section


YHWH‘s War Against the Egyptian Sun-God Ra
Prof. Gary Rendsburg

How Many Years Were the Israelites in Egypt?
Dr. David A. Glatt-Gilad

Prof. Aaron Demsky

The Origins of the Biblical Pesach
Dr. Kristine Garroway

When Pharaoh’s Stubbornness Caught God by Surprise
Dr. Rabbi David Frankel

Taking Control of the Story: God Hardens Pharaoh’s Heart
Dr. Rabbi David Frankel

“The First Month of the Year” 
Dr. Jonathan Ben-Dov


The Israelites Are Not the Hyksos!
Dr. David Ben-Gad HaKohen (Dudu Cohen)

Israel’s Departure from Egypt: A Liberation or an Escape?
Dr. Rabbi Tzemah Yoreh

The Book of Chronicles and the Ephraimites that Never Went to Egypt 
Dr. Rabbi David Frankel

The Historical Exodus: The Evidence for the Levites Leaving Egypt and the Introduction of YHWH into Israel 
Prof. Richard Elliott Friedman

What Really Happened at the Sea
TABS editors 

Finding the Source of Water in Marah
Dr. Dudu Cohen

The Song of the Sea and the History of Ancient Israel and Judah
Dr. Rabbi David Frankel

The Song at the Sea: What Does it Celebrate?
Baruch J. Schwartz 

Song of the Sea: Does God Split the Sea in the Song of the Sea?
Dov Bear

Shabbat HaYom, HaYom, HaYom
Stylistic Repetition or Polemical Assertion that Shabbat Starts in the Morning?
Hacham Dr. Isaac Sassoon

Splitting the Sea, Manna from Heaven, Defeating Amalek: What Makes Something a Miracle? 
Dr. Michael Avioz

Preparing for Sinai: God and Israel Test Each Other
Prof. Shani Tzoref


by Professor Rabbi Jonathan Magonet

The Existence of Two Versions of the Decalogue: The Approaches of Chazal and the Pashtanim
Prof.Rabbi Martin Lockshin

Ten Insights about the Ten Commandments
Prof. Marc Brettler

Preserving Multiple Opinions  
Prof. Jeffrey H. Tigay

A Hasidic Matan Torah: The Revelation of the Divine Voice Within 
Yoel S.

The Source Critic and the Religious Interpreter
Prof. Benjamin D. Sommer 

What really happened at Sinai? Fours Answers to one Biblical question.
Prof. Baruch Schwartz

Judaism without Sinai?
Dr. Rabbi David Frankel

Speculating about the Original Text of the Decalogue
Dr. Tzemah Yoreh

by Dr. Professor Marvin A. Sweeney


by Professor Marvin A. Sweeney

The Law of the Hebrew Slave: Exodus, Leviticus, and Deuteronomy
Rabbi Dr. Zev Farber 

The Law of the Hebrew Slave: Reading the Exodus, Leviticus and Deuteronomy Law Collections as Complementary
Dr. Aaron Koller

The Centrality of Law: 4 Accounts of Revelation with 4 Sets of Laws – But One Religion 
Prof. Benjamin D. Sommer

The Prohibition of Meat and Milk: Its Origins in the Text 

Bring the man to the carcass or the carcass to the man? 

Rabbi Dr. Zev Farber

by Dr. Eve Levavi Feinstein

Sacred Mountains: Connecting the Revelation at Horeb and the Aqedah
Prof. Richard Elliott Friedman


Scribing the Tabernacle: A Visual Midrash Embedded in the Torah Scroll
David Z. Moster

אין מוקדם ומאוחר בתורה – Highlighting Juxtaposition in the Torah
Dr. Isaac Gottlieb

Eternity in the Face of Change Repetition and the Tabernacle
Dr. Amy Cooper Robertson

A Mishkan (Tabernacle) Specialist
Ten Questions with Dr. Amy Cooper Robertson

The Cherubim: Their Role on the Ark in the Holy of Holies
Rabbi Zev Farber Ph.D.

What Kind of Creatures Are the Cherubim?
Raanan Eichler


The Obscure Ephod of the High Priest
Professor Rabbi Marty Lockshin

The Zer
Raanan Eichler

The “Garments” of the High Priest: Anthropomorphism in the Worship of God 
Dr Baruch J Schwartz

The Urim VeTumim
Yoel S.

Ki Tisa

by Dr. Shira Golani

From a Political Polemic to a Religious Sin: Reading the Golden Calves of Sinai and Northern Israel in Context
Dr. Frederick E. Greenspahn

The Smashing of the Luchot as a Paradigm Shift
Rabbi Herzl Hefter 

Dancing Erotically with the Golden Calf And Moses’ Decision to Break the Tablets
Dr. David Ben-Gad HaCohen

The Golden Calf: Comparing the Two versions 

Yelamdeinu Rabbeinu: The Exclusivity of the Oral Law 
Dr. Shayna Sheinfeld

by Dr. Rabbi Zev Farber


The Prohibition to Carry on Shabbat: Historical and Exegetical Development
Dr. Alex P. Jassen

The Tabernacle, The Creation, and the Ideal of an Orderly World
Rabbi Dr. Naftali S. Cohn

The Textual Source for the 39 Melachot of Shabbat 
Rabbi Yoel Bin Nun, Ph.D.

40 Minus 1 Melachot of Shabbat: Cracking the Rabbinic Code
Rabbi Evan Hoffman

Bezalel Ben Uri and The Impotence of Foreign Deities
Rabbi Jeremy Morrison

Four Ways to Derive the Thirty-Nine Avot Melakhot
Rabbi Dr. Richard Hidary


The Tabernacle, The Creation, and the Ideal of an Orderly World
Rabbi Dr. Naftali S. Cohn

Aaron the Accommodator 
Dr. Tzemah Yoreh



Meeting the Challenge of Critical Scholarship with Leviticus
Rabbi Dr. Irving (Yitz)  Greenberg

Expiating with Blood
Dr Yitzhaq Feder 

“The LORD Spoke to Moses”– Does God Speak?
Dr. Baruch J. Schwartz 


Peshat vs. Halakha Dilemma: Shadal and Tradition
Prof. Rabbi Marty Lockshin

Is Holiness Contagious?
Prof. Rabbi Marty Lockshin

Is God Truly Everywhere? Sacred Space and the Role of Sacrifices
Prof. Baruch A. Levine


The Earliest Explanation for Kosher: Allegory in the Hellenistic World
Dr. Rabbi Joshua Garroway

The Animal Laws before Kashrut: A System of Purity
Dr. Eve Levavi Feinstein

The Incident of Nadav and Avihu: A Mysterious Transgression or a Mysterious Deity? 
Prof. Ed Greenstein

How God was Sanctified through Nadav and Avihu’s Death
Prof. James A. Diamond

Parshat haChodesh
The Discrepancies between the Sacrifices in Ezekiel and the Torah
Dr. Tova Ganzel


A Sin Offering for Birth Anxiety
Dr. Yitzhaq Feder

Tzaraat as Cancer  
Chaim Trachtman, M.D.

Bald Spots on Clothing: A(n Un)Missable, Ancient Scribal Error
Dr. Rabbi Zev Farber

The Skin of the Metzora and the Heart of the Messiah
Prof. Wendy Zierler 

Mother and Child:  Postpartum Defilement and Circumcision
Dr. Tzvi Novick


Sex During Menstruation: From Impurity to Prohibition
Dr. Eve Levavi Feinstein

Biblical Purification: Was it Immersion? The Archaeological and Textual Evidence
Dr Haya Katz

The Purification of a Niddah: The Torah Requirement 
Rabbi Zev Farber Ph.D.

The Purification of a Niddah: The Legal Responsibility of the Reader – A Rejoinder
Dr. Yitzhaq Feder 

The Purification of a Niddah:When Silence Matters
Hakham Dr. Isaac Sassoon

Shabbat Hagadol
Can Elijah Reconcile Fathers and Sons?
Prof. Wendy Zierler 

 Acharei Mot

Regarding Azazel and Homosexuals in the Same Parasha
Dr. Shawna Dolansky

Yom Kippur and the Nature of Fasting
Dr. David Lambert

Yom Ha-kippurim: The Biblical Significance
Prof. Baruch J. Schwartz

Recasting the Temple Purification Ritual as the Yom Kippur Service
Dr. Rabbi David Frankel

The Historical Uniqueness and Centrality of Yom Kippur 
Prof. Isaac Kalimi 

Why Jews Fast
Dr. Rabbi Zev Farber and Dr. Malka Z. Simkovich

The Biblical Prohibition of Polygyny?
Dr. Hakham Isaac Sassoon

Amos’ Puns in the Northern (Israelite) Dialect
Dr. Tania Notarius


An Inner-Biblical Elaboration of the Decalogue
Prof. Ed Greenstein

Are Biblical Dietary Laws Meant to Keep Israelites Separate?
Dr. David M. Freidenreich

The Inner Workings of a Genizah Midrash on the Symbolic Value of Orlah
Dr. Shana Strauch-Schick & Tova Sacher

The Practice of Divination in the Ancient Near East
Dr. Uri Gabbay

The Law of Fourth-Year Fruit: Restraining the Ancient Vintage Celebration
Dr Itamar Kislev

Not Signing Off on Sacrifices
Rabbi Uzi Weingarten

The Concept of Kedusha (Sanctity)
Prof. Israel Knohl

The Priestly Repudiation of Yibbum
Hakham Dr. Isaac Sassoon


When and Where the Israelites Dwelt in Sukkot
Dr. David Ben-Gad HaKohen

Whom May a Kohen Gadol Marry?
Prof. Rabbi Marty Lockshin

The Embarrassing Case of the Blasphemer Did God Really Want him Dead?
Dr Serge Forlov

The Prohibition of Shaving in the Torah and Halacha
Rabbi Zev Farber 

The Import of Lex Talionis in the Story of the Blasphemer
Dr. Shawna Dolansky


Turning Jeremiah’s Land Deed Into an Oracle of Hope
Dr. Mark Leuchter

The Jubilee Law: Ideal Legislation 
Prof. Yairah Amit

The Jubilee Real Estate Law: Cities vs. Villages Or Houses vs. Farmsteads 
Prof. Avraham Faust


Comparing Curses
Prof. Marc Zvi Brettler

Obliterating Cherem
Hacham Dr. Isaac Sassoon

How Do We Conceive the Divine?
Prof. Marvin A. Sweeney




Why Are There No Israelite Priestesses?
Prof. Ada Taggar-Cohen

Recounting the Census: A Military Force of 5,500 (not 603,550)
Ben Zion Katz M.D.

Relegating Redemption of the Firstborn to a One-time Event in the Wilderness
Dr. Eve Levavi Feinstein and Dr. Rabbi Zev Farber 

The Meaning of Degel and the Elusive History of the Levites
Prof. Baruch Levine

Hosea: Loving God Erotically
Prof. Carl S. Ehrlich


Birkat Kohanim: The Magic of a Blessing
Dr. Shawna Dolansky

Queen Berenice: A Woman of Contrasts
Dr. Malka Z. Simkovich

Israel’s Development as a Nation: Form, Storm, Norm, Perform
Dr. Shani Tzoref

Why the Nazirite Laws Follow those of Sotah: The Concept of Juxtaposition (סמיכות פרשיות)
Dr. Isaac Gottlieb

Alleviating Intense EmotionsA New Look at the Meaning of the Sotah and Nazir Rituals
Prof. Stephen A. Geller

Nazir Shimshon:The Critical and Traditional Approaches 
Ely Levine Ph.D 

What was the role and prominence of a Nazir? – Was Shmuel the prophet a Nazir? – Does God or a Voice speak from between the Cherubim– The Priestly Benediction


Hovav the Midianite: Why Was the End of the Story Cut?
The Midianite Origin of YHWH and Aniconism
Prof. Israel Knohl

Changing Interpretive Seas: Re-Encountering Miriam
Prof. Wendy Zierler

Will the Real Miriam Please Stand Up?
Dr. S. Tamar Kamionkowski

Moses’ Father-in-Law: Kenite or Midianite?
Dr. Rabbi Zev Farber

Eldad and Medad Prophesied in the Camp: A Successful Challenge to Moses’ Control over Prophecy 
Rabbi Dr. David Frankel

The Evolution and Innovation of Pesach Sheni  
Dr Stephen Garfinkel 

Chronology is the backbone of History – Two versions of the Quail Story – Moses’  Ethiopian Wife


Using Deuteronomy to Fill in the Lacunae of Numbers’ Spies Story
Dr. David Ben Gad HaKohen (Dudu Cohen)

The Backstory of the Spy Account
 Dr. Jacob Wright

Unscrambling the Scout Story with the Documentary Hypothesis
TABS Editors

What was Caleb the Kenizzite’s Connection To Hebron?
Dr. Rabbi Zev Farber and Prof. Jacob L. Wright

“Kiryat-Arba is Hebron….” But Is It?
Prof. Jacob L. Wright and Dr. Rabbi Zev Farber

Kiryat-Arba: The Father of Giants and the City of Four
Dr. Rabbi Zev Farber

Solving the Problem of “Kadesh in the Wilderness of Paran”
Dr. David ben-Gad HaCohen

The Scout Story: A Guided Reading 
Dr. Rachel Havrelock

Why was Joshua Singled out by Moses? A new insight into an age old question 
Rabbi Dr. Zev Farber 

Parsha Tabs
Whose Idea was it to Send Scouts?

Who were the Loyal Scouts?  Caleb and Joshua or only Caleb?

What Melacha did the Wood Gatherer Violate?


Datan and Abiram: A Rebellion of the Shepherds in the Land of Israel
Dr. Rabbi David Frankel

The Historical Circumstances that Inspired the Korah Narrative
Dr. Ely Levine

The Mysterious  Literary Life and Death of Korah
Dr. Rachel Adelman

The Double Rebellion  and the Defense of God’s Chosen 

Why Were we demoted? The Levite Rebellion Against The Priesthood 
Prof. Emerita Adele Berlin

Korah, Datan and Abiram: A Case Study For The Methods of Academic Biblical Studies

Parsha Tabs 
How did Korach Die? 

Where did On Disappear to? 

“I have not Taken a Donkey!”

Making Ma’aser Work for the Times
Dr. Rabbi Zev Farber

Supporting the Priests vs. Sustaining the Poor
Hacham Dr. Isaac Sassoon


Is it Possible to Make Sense of a Biblical Ritual
Prof. Ed Greenstein

The Rites of the Red Heifer
Prof. Rabbi Michael Chernick 

Giving Miriam and the Matriarchs their Proper Funerals
Dr. Atar Livneh

R. Yehudah HaChasid Radical Suggestion: The Song of the Well, Psalm 136, Was Removed from the Torah
Dr. Rabbi Zev Farber

The Grain and Pomegranates of Mei Merivah (מי מריבה)
Dr. David Frankel

לכו נרננה From the Story of the Spies to the Return of the Judahite exiles
Dr. David Frankel

Ironing out Israel’s Itinerary through the Transjordan
Dr. David ben-Gad HaCohen

Did Jephthah Actually Kill his Daughter?
Prof. Jonathan Magonet

The Story of Jephthah: The Urge to Manipulate
Prof. Jack M. Sasson


Sensing Balaam’s Divine Moment: Prophecy as Poetry
Prof. Everett Fox

The Prehistory of the Balaam Story
Dr. David Frankel

A Pagan “Prophet Like Moses” – Balaam and the Problem of Other People’s Revelation 
Dr Seth Sanders

Who was Balaam’s God: YHWH El? Or Bull El? 
Rabbi Dr. Robert Harris 

Is Balaam a Hero or a Villain


Contesting the Identification of Elijah the Immortal as Pinchas the Zealot
Dr. Moshe Lavee

Joshua is Appointed Leader Three Times: But is he in Charge? 
Dr. Rabbi Zev Farber

How Ancient Scribes Tried to Make Sense of the Composite Story of Baal Peor
Dr Itamar Kislev

Apportioning the Land: By Lot and By Population?!
Dr. Itamar Kislev

Moses: A Betwixt and Between leader  
Jill Katz Ph.D.

What Do Genealogies Teach Us About Torah?

Joshua is Appointed Leader Three Times: But is he in Charge? 
Dr. Rabbi Zev Farber

The Discrepancies between the Sacrifices in Ezekiel and the Torah
Dr. Tova Ganzel


Why Can Women’s Vows Be Vetoed? 
Dr. Shawna Dolansky

Inventing the Mythic Amorite Kingdom of Sihon
Dr Rachel Haverlock

Redacting the Relationship to the Transjordanian Tribes: Kinship versus Commandment
Dr. Jacob Wright

The Tribe of Gad and the Mesha Stele 
Dr. Aaron Koller



Does the Torah Differentiate between Murder and Killing?
Prof. Rabbi Marty Lockshin

Defining The Land of Canaan in Numbers 34
Dr. Yigal Levin

The Three Biblical Maps of Israel: Small, Medium, and Large
Dr. Yigal Levin

The Geopolitical Context Behind the Boundaries in Numbers 34
Dr. Yigal Levin

Mapping Ideologies
Dr Rachel Haverlock

Why Conclude with the Daughters of Zelophehad?
Dr. David A. Bernat

Politics as Religion in Jeremiah
Dr. Ari Mermelstein



Deuteronomy: The First Torah
Dr. David Glatt-Gilad

Understanding Deuteronomy on its Own Terms
Dr. Itamar Kislev 

Sefer Devarim’s Jewish Democratic and Egalitarian Agenda
Rabbi Dr. David Frankel 

It is Very Close to You: Why Devarim Matters to Jews Today
Shoshana Cohen

The Opening of Devarim: A Recounting or Different Version of the Wilderness Experience?
Rabbi Zev Farber Ph.D.

Expanding Torah: Redaction Criticism – Modern Midrash 

The Ibn Ezras Secret 
Rabbi Zev Farber Ph.D.

The Significance of Ibn Ezra’s Position that Verses were Added to the Torah 
Rabbi Zev Farber Ph.D.

Seven Torah Passages of Non-Mosaic Origin According to Ibn Ezra and R. Joseph Bonfils

War at Yahatz: The Torah versus the Mesha Stele
Dr. David Ben-Gad HaCohen (Dudu Cohen)


The Shema and the Commandment to Love God in Its Ancient Contexts
Prof. Jon D. Levenson

The Mitzvah to Love God: Shadal’s Polemic against the Philosophical Interpretation
Prof. Rabbi Martin Lockshin

What Are Clay Female Figurines Doing in Judah during the Biblical Period?
Dr. Aaron Greener

Understanding Idolatry
Dr. Uri Gabbay

The Decalogue: Are Female Readers Included?
Prof. Athalya Brenner-Idan

The Oldest Known Copy of the Decalogue? 
Prof. Esti Eshel 

Torah: Deuteronomy’s Version of Wisdom for Israel
Ethan Schwartz

The Cycle of Life and Torah: Accepting Our Mortality
Dr. Moshe Lavee

The Two Shabbat of the Decalogue: A Historical Approach
Rabbi Norman Solomon Ph.D.

The Existence of Two Versions of the Decalogue: The Approaches of Chazal and the Pashtanim
Prof. Rabbi Martin Lockshin

Ten Insights about the Ten Commandments
Prof. Marc Brettler

A Hasidic Matan Torah: The Revelation of the Divine Voice Within 
Yoel S.

The Source Critic and the Religious Interpreter
Prof. Benjamin D. Sommer 

What really happened at Sinai? Fours Answers to one Biblical question.
Prof. Baruch Schwartz

Judaism without Sinai?
Dr. Rabbi David Frankel

Speculating about the Original Text of the Decalogue
Dr. Tzemah Yoreh

Deutero-Isaiah Reworks Past Prophecies to Comfort Israel
Prof. Benjamin D. Sommer


The Origins of Tefillin
Dr. Yehudah Benjamin Cohn

God, Israelites and Non-Israelites: Embracing Ambivalence
Prof. Adele Reinhartz

Why Deuteronomy has an Account of Aaron’s Death in the Wrong Place
Dr. Dudu Cohen

Biblical Theodicy & Why God Made Israel Wander in the Wilderness
Dr Shani Tzoref

The Building Blocks of Biblical Interpretations: Text, Lexicon, and Grammar
Prof. Marc Brettler

The Golden Calf: Comparing the Two versions
TheTorah.com Editors 

Theological Revolution In Devarim
Dr. S. Tamar Kamionkowski

What was the Golden Calf?: Exodus Versus Deuteronomy
Deena Grant Ph.D.


Debates Over Centralizing Sacrificial Worship and Eating Non-Sacrificial Meat
Dr. Simeon Chavel

The Mitzvah of Covering the Blood of Wild Animals
Dr. Rabbi Zev Farber

The Cow that Laid an Egg (!): Korban Chagigah from the Torah to the Seder Plate
Dr. Rabbi Robert Harris

Deuteronomy: Religious Centralization or Decentralization?
Dr. Baruch Alster

Meat or Murder?  Dietary Dilemmas in Biblical Law
Dr Yitzhaq Feder


Judges who are Magistrates: Who were the Shoftim?
Dr. Mark Leuchter

Deuteronomy’s Justice System: Real and Ideal
Dr Yigal Levin and Parry Moshe

Jehoshaphat’s Judicial Reform: How the Book of Chronicles Updates and Reinterprets Deuteronomy
Dr Yigal Levin and Parry Moshe

The Kohanim The Levi’im
A. Avreich

Does the Torah Really Want Us to Appoint a King?
Dr. Rabbi Zev Farber

King David and Oedipus Rex: Reading the Succession Narrative as Anti-Monarchic Greek Tragedy
Dr. Richard Lederman

Stoning the Idolater: The Significance of Proper Procedure
Prof. Shalom Holtz

Ki Tetze

The Law of the Disrespectful Son and Daughter
Prof. Michael Avioz

Morality and Prepositions: On Taking a Mother on her Young
Dr. Tzvi Novick

Keeping Excrement out of God’s Presence
Professor Alan Cooper

The Prohibition of Joining the Assembly of the Lord
Dr. David Glatt-Gilad

by Idan Dershowitz

Deuteronomy’s Uncompromising Demand for Women’s Sexual Fidelity
Dr. Cynthia Edenburg

Marrying Your Daughter to Her Rapist
Rabbi Zev Farber Ph.D. 

The Rape of the Unbetrothed Virgin  in Torah and Assyrian Law:
A Comparative Analysis
Eve Levavi Feinstein, Ph.D.

Ki Tavo

A Torah-Prescribed Liturgy: The Declaration of the First Fruits
Dr. Rabbi Dalia Marx

Did an Aramean (Try to) Destroy our Father?: A Medieval Non-Traditional interpretation
Prof. Rabbi  Marty Lockshin

The Surprising Omission of  the Sinai Theophany in the Bikkurim Ritual Declaration
Prof. Rabbi Pamela Barmash

The Novel Introduction of Blessings into our Treaty with God
Prof. Rabbi Pamela Barmash

Loving God Beyond the Way You Love Ashurbanipal
Dr. Deena Grant

In the Presence of God
Dr. Michael Carasik

Unspoken Hemorrhoids: Making the Torah Reading Polite
Dr. Rabbi Zev Farber

Mount Gerizim and the Polemic against the Samaritans
Dr. Eyal Baruch

An Altar on Mt Ebal or Mt Gerizim: The Torah in the Sectarian Debate
Dr. Jonathan Ben-Dov


Committing to the Covenant “Today”  
Prof. Everett Fox

Is Judaism Meant to have Exclusive Religious Secrets?
Rabbi David Levin-Kruss

Are there Secondary Gods?


The Hakhel Ceremony: Who, What, When and Where
Prof. Marc Brettler


Haazinu: The Song’s Enigmatic Climax
Dr. Rabbi Zev Farber

God’s Flaming Fiery Anger
Dr. Deena Grant

Exploring the Multiple Metaphors for God in Shirat Haazinu
Dr. Rabbi Andrea L. Weiss

Does the Torah End with “The End”?
Prof. Richard Elliott Friedman

 VeZot HaBeracha

Moshe Rabbeinu Never Died: The Hidden Ending
Rabbi Eric Grossman

Mixed Blessings 
Dr. Adriane Leveen

A Bible Scholar’s Simchat Torah: The Joy of Unraveling the Torah’s Mysteries
Dr Baruch Schwartz

The Unknown yet Known Place of Moses’ Burial
Dr. David Ben-Gad HaCohen (Dudu Cohen)