Already in 1877, Marcus Kalisch, one of the first Jewish scholars to engage in the critical study of the Bible, noted that the story of Balaam’s donkey is a late insertion which contradicts the rest of the story, both narratively and ideologically. Indeed, in the main story, Balaam is a prophetic character to be respected, while the supplement lampoons him.
by Dr. Prof. Alexander Rofé
The oldest biblical sources see Balaam as a great seer, but as time goes on, biblical texts portray him in an increasingly negative light. The key to this shift lies in Deuteronomy’s attitude to Israel and gentiles.
by Prof. Alexander Rofé
Traditional commentators endued certain Torah references with midrashic or esoteric purport in an effort to counteract those who mocked them. But in so doing, they were conceding the mockers’ evaluation of these texts as being, prima facie, inconsequential.
by Dr. Hacham Isaac Sassoon
David’s favorite topic in the early days was the lack of Jewishly sensitive, academically responsible online material, and the unfortunate fact that much academic biblical knowledge was hidden in university libraries or behind paywalls.
by Prof. Marc Z. Brettler
We’ve asked you on various occasions for a contribution to “The Torah.com,” but so far you haven’t sent us anything. Why not?

by TABS Editors
Biblical scholarship has deepened our understanding of the Torah and at the same time challenges us to consider the implications of our declaring the Torah to be emet. What is emet and what does it mean to say that the Torah is emet?
A Symposium
Morally problematic halachot remain on the books despite rabbinic attempts to transform or reinterpret them. How do we relate to these texts as Torah from Sinai, coming from God?
by Dr. Rabbi Norman Solomon
The study of biblical criticism cuts to the very meaning of the value system of Modern Orthodoxy, i.e. forging a distinctive synthesis of modern culture with traditional values.
Dr. Steven Bayme
Around the turn of the era, the consonantal (proto-)MT text was accepted as an authoritative form of Hebrew Scripture by the proto-rabbinic movement, whereas other forms were accepted as authoritative by other groups.
by Prof. Emanuel Tov
Is halacha still binding if one accepts biblical criticism? Can Torah be both divine and human at the same time?
A Symposium
“Happy is the one who seizes and dashes your babies against a rock!”(v. 9). Question: How are we supposed to read such a verse nowadays?
by 13 Respondents
Jewish and Christian tradition ascribes authorship of the Pentateuch to Moses in the 13th century B.C.E. Is this what the Pentateuch itself implies about who wrote it and when?
by Prof. Christopher Rollston
Four Answers to one question
by Dr. Baruch J. Schwartz

 

Fifty Years Ago—A Flashback
by Dr. Rabbi Lawrence Grossman
A Conceptual Foundation for Wrestling with Biblical Scholarship
by Rabbi David Bigman
Reflections on the Importance of Asking the Right Question
by Prof. Tamar Ross